S-Corp Formations Houston
S corps are corporations that have elected a special tax status with the IRS. S corporations provide the same limited liability to owners (called shareholders) as C corporations, meaning that owners typically are not personally responsible for business debt and liabilities; however, S corporations have pass-through taxation. S corporations do not pay tax at the business level. They file an informational tax return but business income/loss is reported on the owners personal tax returns, and any tax due is paid at the individual level.
S corp advantages:
Many small business owners form a corporation and elect S corp status for pass-through taxation. Other typical advantages include:
Limited liability protection. Owners are not typically responsible for business debts and liabilities.
Easy transfer of ownership. Ownership is easily transferable through the sale of stock.
Unlimited life. When a corporations owner incurs a disabling illness or dies, the corporation does not cease to exist.
Raise capital more easily. Additional capital can be raised by selling shares of stock.
Credibility. Corporations may be perceived as a more professional/legitimate entity than a sole proprietorship or general partnership.
Lower audit risk. Generally S corps are audited less frequently than sole proprietorships.
Tax deductible expenses. Business expenses may be tax-deductible.
Self-employment tax savings. An S corp can offer self-employment tax savings, since owners who work for the business are classified as employees.
S corporation ownership restrictions:
Per IRS guidelines, S corporation owners (shareholders) must meet the following criteria:
Number 100 or less
Must be US citizens/residents (cannot be non-resident aliens)
Cannot be C corporations, other S corporations, limited liability companies (LLCs), partnerships or certain trusts
How do you form an S corporation?
In order to register a business as an S corporation, Articles of Incorporation (sometimes called a Certificate of Incorporation), must be filed with the state and the necessary filing fees paid. After incorporation, Form 2553 must be filed with the IRS in order to elect S corporation status.
Also after incorporation, S corporations are also required to adopt bylaws, hold an initial meeting of directors and shareholders, and issue shares of stock to owners.
The staff at FinishLine Tax Solutions is highly skilled at setting up S-Corporations for our clients and determining which corporate structure is most appropriate for your business needs.